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UN Preparation :Soal dan Pembahasan, Report Text (Mahogany)

Written By Demi Yurfina on Senin, 09 Februari 2015 | 05.38

In the natural rainforest, Mahogany is a very large canopy tree, sometimes reaching over 150 feet in height, with trunks sometimes more than 6 feet in diameter above a large basal buttress. It is a generally open-crowned tree, with gray to brownish-red fissured bark.
Mahogany is perhaps the most valuable timber tree in the whole of Latin America and has been heavily exploited for most of this century. Mahogany is becoming increasingly rare, and is already extinct in parts of its original range. It is listed as threatened in "Arboles Maderables en Peligro de Extinción en Costa Rica" and is listed in CITES Appendix III.
Mahogany varies from yellowish, reddish, pinkish, or salmon colored when freshly cut, to a deep rich red, to reddish brown as the wood matures with age. Mahogany is fine to medium texture, with uniform to interlocking grain, ranging from straight to wavy or curly. Irregularities in the grain often produce highly attractive figures such as fiddle back or mottle. Mahogany polishes to a high luster, with excellent working and finishing characteristics. It responds well to hand and machine tools, has good nailing and screwing properties, and turns and carves superbly.
Mahogany is regarded by many as the world's premier wood for fine cabinetry, high-class furniture, trimming fine boats, pianos and other musical instruments, sculpture, joinery, turnery, figured and decorative veneer, interior trim, and carving.

Indikator            : Menentukan informasi tertentu
Indikator soal     : Disajikan teks report tentang tumbuhan, siswa dapat
menentukan informasi tertentu di dalam teks.

1.      How large can Mahogany be?
A.      Less than 5 feet in diameter
B.       More than 6 feet in diameter
C.       About 100 feet in diameter
D.      Over 150 feet in diameter

Kunci jawaban  : B
Pembahasan       :
Ukuran pohon tersebut bisa mencapai lebih dari 6 meter diameternya.

Indikator            : Menentukan informasi rinci  
Indikator soal     : Disajikan teks report tentang tumbuhan, siswa dapat
                               menentukan informasi rinci di dalam teks.
2.      What makes Mahogany becoming increasingly rare?
A.      Its size
B.       Its exploitation
C.       Its quality
D.      Its value

Kunci jawaban  : B
Pembahasan       :
Yang menyebabkan pohon itu semakin langka adalah karena dieksploitasi.

Indikator            : Menentukan makna kata/frasa
Indikator soal     : Disajikan teks deskriptif tentang orang terkenal, siswa dapat
                               menentukan sinonim sebuah kata yang dipilihkan.

3.      “… and is already extinct in parts of its original range. The underlined word means…
A.      survive
B.       vanish
C.       stay alive
D.      uncommon

Kunci jawaban  : b
Pembahasan       :
Kata extinct bermakna punah, padanannya adalah vanish.
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